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新世纪高等院校英语专业本科生系列教材第二版 综合教程五 第五单元答案

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III. Language Work
1. Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.
1). For my own part, I consider it as nothing less than a question of freedom or slavery.
? the very same thing as
2). And in proportion to the magnitude of the subject ought to be the freedom of the debate.
? appropriately in agreement with
3). We have held the subject up in every light of which it is capable.
? considered and tried every means in order to deal with the subject
4). …if we make a proper use of those means which the God of nature hath placed in our power.
? has given us at our disposal
5). Three millions of people, armed in the holy cause of liberty, …
? with liberty as our ultimate aim to fight for
6). The battle, sir, is not to the strong alone.
? is not destined to be won by

2. Fill in each blank with one of the two words from each pair in their appropriate forms and note the difference of meaning between them.

solace console

1). She was consoled to think that she at least had an understanding husband to turn to.
2). The soldiers attempted to solace his wounded comrades by minimizing the extent of their
3). They tried to console him for losing the prize by taking him to the theatre.
4). They solaced their wretchedness, however, by duets after supper.

petition plead

1). All the four convicts pleaded guilty but appealed for leniency.
2). In the face of questioning by the police, he pleaded ignorance of the bottle of white powder in his suitcase.
3). The Church of Scotland petitioned the home secretary for stronger controls on adolescent drug use.
4). All delegates to the convention were petitioning the government to take tough measures against illegal coal-mining.
More…
request: to ask for something politely (not used with the actual words spoken).
appeal: to ask strongly for help, support, money, etc.
beseech: to ask eagerly and anxiously
implore: to ask someone in a begging manner for sth or doing sth.

base (adj.) mean

1). He is the meanest person I ever know. He is never willing to spend a cent on other people.
2). Rapton reached the final; that was no mean achievement, considering all 50 classes took part in the competition.
3). The soldier was accused of base cowardice during the confrontation.
4). The cheat was base enough to swindle a sick widow out of her life's savings.

delusive misleading

1). A terminally ill patient usually has a delusive faith in a wonder drug.
2). There is nothing true about such an expectation; it is only delusive and vain.
3). It was a misleading advertisement that deliberately left out the drug's side effects.
4). The ambassador referred to the report as deceitful and misleading.

3. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box, using its appropriate form.
magnitude forge formidable snare
temporal prostrate array anguish
invincible revere remonstrate subjugation

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